Articles and advice for patients around conditions and their treatment.

  • Antibiotics for acne summary of treatment
    Children's health,  Health

    Best antibiotics for acne: treatment summary

    Acne is a common skin condition which affects teenagers, although adults can also experience it. Acne can be managed with drugs purchased over the counter without a prescription, such as be benzoyl peroxide (Acnecide). Antibiotics for acne are reserved For people with mild-to-moderate acne. Antibiotics are effective in the management of acne vulgaris. This post summarises different antibiotic options for acne treatment, including most prescribed topical products (applied to the skin), including combination products with retinoids and oral antibiotics. 

  • Best over the counter antifungal creams in the UK

    Over The Counter Antifungal Creams

    Over the counter antifungal creams are used in the treatment of various conditions including ringworm, nappy rash, athlete’s foot, thrush and other infections caused by yeast (Candida species), mould and other fungi (for example Trichophyton species). In this post, I will summarise the use and availability of over the counter antifungal creams in the UK.

  • Summary of best carbomer eye gel drops available in the UK

    6 Carbomer Eye Gel Drops You Need to Know

    Carbomer eye gel (also known as carbomer eye drops) is one of the most commonly used eye drops for the treatment of dry eyes. Carbomer is a gel-based eye lubricant, which has thicker consistency (viscosity) as compared to eye drops. In this post, I will discuss the availability of different brands of carbomer eye gels, their side effects, and the essential information about specific brands of carbomer eye gel products. Where can I buy carbomer eye drops? The most carbomer eye gel products are pharmacy-only medications, which means they’re available to buy only from pharmacies, including online chemists. Pharmacy-only medicines are kept away from the public and not available for…

  • Best ear drops for wax removal

    7 Best Ear Drops for Wax Removal

    Ear wax build-up is a common problem, which can be characterised by having earache, reduced hearing, dizziness, itchiness, and tinnitus (a sensation of noise in the ear). Thankfully there are several ear drops for wax removal, available over the counter in pharmacies and supermarkets. This post summarises options for ear wax removal with popular ear drop products available in the UK, focusing on the use and age restrictions for each product. Links to purchase a popular ear drops products are also included in this post. 

  • Use of beta=blockers for anxiety, summary.

    Beta-blockers for anxiety: WHICH beta-blocker to use?

    World Health Organisation (WHO) defines anxiety disorders as a group of mental conditions characterised by a feeling of fear and anxiety (WHO, 2017). Some common forms of anxiety include generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Pharmacological management of anxiety disorders involves the use of antidepressants, such as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) or a serotonin–noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). NICE guidelines on the management of generalised anxiety disorder and panic disorder in adults does not mention the use of beta-blockers, although it is known that beta-blockers may elevate the symptoms of anxiety. In this post, I will discuss the use of beta-blockers for anxiety,…

  • Options for liquid antihistamines for children and toddlers
    Children's health,  Health

    Liquid antihistamines for children and toddlers

    There are plenty of choices when it comes to the management of hayfever symptoms and allergic skin reactions in children and toddlers. Most antihistamines available for an adult population exist in liquid form. In this post, I will review liquid antihistamines for kids, which are available in the UK, focusing on: Restrictions on the availability of liquid antihistamines (pharmacy-only products vs. general sale products) Age restrictions for each liquid antihistamine Dosage for treatment of hayfever Common-side effects, particularly review of drowsiness

  • Sodium Cromoglicate Eye Drops for for management of hayfever symptoms

    What Sodium Cromoglicate Eye Drops are?

    Symptomatic management of hayfever involves the use of antihistamine drugs alone or in combination with steroid nasal sprays and eye drops such as sodium cromoglicate eye drops. In this post, I will describe the use of sodium cromoglicate for the management of hayfever symptoms such as itchy and watery eyes. I will discuss: How sodium cromoglicate works Licensing restrictions (age restrictions) Use of sodium cromoglicate eye drops in pregnancy and when breastfeeding Recommended use Possible side effects associated with the use of drops Availability of different brands of sodium cromoglicate eye drops Examples of sodium cromoglicate drops available to buy online

  • Ibuprofen and coronavirus: NHS, WHO advice

    Ibuprofen & coronavirus: NHS, WHO advice

    The last few days proved to be a manic time not only in all supermarkets but also pharmacies. The situation is surreal. Pharmacy teams have been under enormous pressure from the workload. People also buy an excessive amount of over the counter medications due to coronavirus (covid-19) pandemic. A few days ago, a French Health Minister Olivier Véran and a qualified doctor Tweeted: “Taking anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, cortisone) could be an aggravating factor for the infection. If you have a fever, take paracetamol”. With paracetamol going in and out of stock, many patients are left in ‘limbo’. Every day, I am asked several times, ‘Can I take ibuprofen for management…

  • Best hayfever nasal sprays: treatment choice

    Best hayfever nasal sprays: treatment choice

    Symptomatic management of hayfever involves the use of different over the counter antihistamines and nasal sprays. There is plenty of option when it comes to nasal sprays. In this post, I will list the best hayfever nasal sprays available over the counter from pharmacies and larger shops. I will categorise nasal sprays into steroids nasal sprays and non-steroid nasal sprays. I will also summarise: Possible side effects associated with their use Any important, relevant information Use of nasal sprays in pregnancy an overview of hayfever management

  • Antibiotics for UTI when pregnant
    Health,  Women's health

    Antibiotics for UTI when pregnant: recommendations

    Urinary-tract infection (UTI) is a common condition experienced in pregnancy. Physiological changes to the urinary tract during the pregnancy, such as dilation of the urethra and decreased bladder capacity, increase the risk of urinary infections (Hebak, 2019). UTI is an umbrella term which defines infection of the bladder (cystitis), kidneys, or urethra. In this post, I am looking at recommended antibiotics in UTI when a pregnant patient is affected by this condition.