Post related to children's health. Review of drugs, treatments used in the management of young population including toddlers, children and teenagers.
Blocked nose in babies is a common occurrence. Thankfully there are many non-medicated products, which can be used to help with stuffy noses. Most ‘baby’ products which are available for the management of congestion can be used in newborn babies with few the exception of some vapour rubs. Popular product available this review can be broadly divided into: Saline nasal sprays and drops Nasal aspirator (manual and electric) Vapour rubs and vapour oils Electric plugs (Calpol Vapour Plug) Baby bubble bath products Congestion and blocked nose can be a symptom of hayfever. Availability of different liquid antihistamines is discussed in a separate post.
Amoxicillin is one of the most prescribed antibiotics in the UK. In this post, I will review all the essential information about the use of amoxicillin in children. ‘Amoxicillin for kids’ – the outline of the post: Forms of amoxicillin for kids Indicated use of amoxicillin Dosage of amoxicillin in children Possible side effects Storage and expiry dates
Appropriate storage of medicines, such as liquid antibiotics for children, is essential to ensure the medication’s effectiveness and stability. In this post, I am looking at storage instructions and expiry dates of liquid antibiotics for children (solutions/syrups) available in the UK, commonly used to treat various infections in children or adults with swallowing difficulties. Store instruction and expiry dates can be always found on the dispensing label, product information leaflet and on the product label which covers the antibiotic bottle.
Acne is a common skin condition which affects teenagers, although adults can also experience it. Acne can be managed with drugs purchased over the counter without a prescription, such as be benzoyl peroxide (Acnecide). Antibiotics for acne are reserved For people with mild-to-moderate acne. Antibiotics are effective in the management of acne vulgaris. This post summarises different antibiotic options for acne treatment, including most prescribed topical products (applied to the skin), including combination products with retinoids and oral antibiotics.
There are plenty of choices when it comes to the management of hayfever symptoms and allergic skin reactions in children and toddlers. Most antihistamines available for an adult population exist in liquid form. In this post, I will review liquid antihistamines for kids, which are available in the UK, focusing on: Restrictions on the availability of liquid antihistamines (pharmacy-only products vs. general sale products) Age restrictions for each liquid antihistamine Dosage for treatment of hayfever Common-side effects, particularly review of drowsiness
EpiPen, a device containing adrenaline (ephedrine) used in allergic emergencies, has been subject to shortages since late 2017. Patients who are at risk of an anaphylactic reaction, which can be life-threatening, are advised to keep two pens with them at all times. EpiPen shortage in the UK has been covered widely by mainstream media; therefore, in this post, I will focus on the process of getting an EpiPen device and discuss alternative treatment options and supply issues around them. Recently I was surprised when a patient presented a prescription for EpiPen and traveled 20 miles as their local pharmacy could not supply EpiPen as ‘items is out of stock.’ In…
Conjunctivitis (also known as pink eye) is a common childhood eye condition characterised by redness of an eye due to inflammation of the conjunctiva, an outer membrane that covers the surface of the eye. It is very common for parents to seek treatment for conjunctivitis from the pharmacy, although in many cases, conjunctivitis is a self-limiting condition. In this post, I will discuss the treatment of conjunctivitis in babies.
Omeprazole liquid, formally known as Omeprazole oral suspension is a liquid form on Omeprazole drug, a prescription-only medication (POM). Omeprazole liquid can only be prescribed by a GP or other qualified prescriber. A liquid formulation of Omeprazole is designed for the administration of the drug in the young population, including babies, toddlers, and children or patients with swallowing difficulties.
Skin numbing creams such as Emla is licensed for topical anaesthesia before needle insertions for example before an injection, commonly used before children’s immunisations, or to numb the area before superficial skin procedures. Numbing creams became a popular choice for the off-license use as tattoo numbing creams. In this post, I will discuss over the counter availability of skin numbing creams and a numbing gel from the pharmacy, their age restrictions, and pricing. Always read patient information leaflet for detailed advice on methods of administration, special warnings, and other important information related to each numbing cream.
Calpol vapour plug is a non-medicine device designed to help your child to breath easily by releasing aromatic oils of lavender, camomile and menthol when they congested or/and have symptoms of cold. Calpol vapour plug can be used for babies from 3 months of age.